St Michael

12th century Norman church, built with stones from Hadrian’s Wall and where King Edward I (Longshanks) lay in state in the church for ten days in 1307.

Hanes yr eglwys hon

Burgh by Sands is a very interesting church with layers of history. From the 12th century and on the site of an earlier church, it is built with stones from Hadrian’s Wall and the Roman fort of Aballava, on the site of which it stands.

There is a time line of stones along the church path, providing a ‘walk through time’ from the building of Hadrian’s Wall to the present day, and giving visitors an insight into the fascinating things which have happened here.

In Roman times, 800 soldiers were garrisoned at Aballava, and amongst them was a cohort of men from Morocco, who were the first recorded African community, living as a community, in the United Kingdom. In 1307 King Edward I (known as Longshanks) died nearby at Burgh Marsh, on his way to wage war with Scotland.

The King was brought to Burgh Church and lay in State here for ten days, visited by his Court and his heir, to pay homage to his body. His son was then proclaimed King Edward II in Carlisle. Under the reign of Edward II the area became increasingly dangerous and the fortified manor house where the population had sheltered during cross border warfare was destroyed and the west tower of the church was built, in 1360, to provide a refuge. The population was called to the safety of the tower by the ringing of the same bells which have continued to call people to worship from that time to the present day. During warfare and later raids by the notorious Border Reivers, farm animals would have been driven into the church while their farmers sheltered in the tower.

There are many architectural features visible today at the church which were put in place in those turbulent times including the apertures which would have been used to re-inforce the entrance, using strong pieces of oak, arrow slits and the very heavy iron gate which would have provided additional security at the entrance to the tower.
In more peaceable times today the church welcomes thousands of visitors every year, including those walking or cycling the route of Hadrian’s Wall.

Prif nodweddion

  • Pensaernïaeth ysblennydd
  • Gwydr lliw gwefreiddiol
  • Celfi campus
  • Awyrgylch swynol
  • Mynwent gyfareddol
  • Hanesion treftadaeth gymdeithasol
  • Treftadaeth genedlaethol yma
  • Cysylltiadau enwog

Gwybodaeth ar gyfer ymwelwyr

  • Safle bws o fewn 100m
  • Mynediad gwastad i'r prif fannau
  • Parcio ar y stryd wrth yr eglwys
  • Toiledau hygyrch yn yr eglwys
  • Caniateir cŵn
  • Croeso i gerddwyr a beicwyr
  • Lle i ddiogelu'ch beic

Other nearby churches

DavidDixon
ClwydRHOSONSEAStTrillo(daviddixonCC-BY-SA2.0)1

St Trillo

Mae’r adeilad syml, to carreg, bach iawn hwn, yn wyth troedfedd o uchder ac un droedfedd ar ddeg o hyd; mae ei waliau o drwch dwy droedfedd ac o dan ei allor, mae ffynnon sanctaidd St Trillo.

Dewch yn Gyfaill Ymddiriedolaeth Genedlaethol yr Eglwysi - ar gyfer pobl sy'n dwli ar eglwysi!