About this church
The present church at Swyncombe was built probably by Saxon workers under the command of the Normans. It is situated on the Ridgeway once a major road from Avebury in Wiltshire to the flint mines of Norfolk.
Just prior to the Norman invasion the lands around Wallingford, including Swyncombe were in the hands of Wigod a staller to Edward the Confessor. Once Harold had been defeated at the battle of Hastings Wigod allied himself with William as William sought to take control of the rest of England.
The stained glass window on the east side of Swyncombe church shows Abbot Herluini, indicating that in the early years of the stone church there were strong ties to Bec Abbey. Bec Abbey was a Benedictine Abbey. The Benedictine rule gained popularity in England in the 10th century. Its introduction was controversial because it required its members to be celibate and cut off from the outside world. They were to be independent, self supporting communities.
Bec Abbey built a manor house at Swyncombe in the 13th century and the site has been occupied continuously since. The church would have served many of the people around the Swyncombe area.
The living, a rectory, was one of the poorest in the deanery, and few of its medieval incumbents were particularly distinguished. In the 14th century the advowson was confiscated by the Crown, and from the 16th century most rectors were presented by the Lord Chancellor on the Crowns behalf. The Reformation caused considerable disruption and Roman Catholic recusancy was encouraged during the 17th century by a resident lord of the manor, who maintained a private chapel. .
That pattern was reversed in the 19th and 20th centuries, when the church was restored and the rectory house rebuilt by several long serving incumbents.